ISBN 9780761932246,AIDS in Asia : The Challenge Continues

AIDS in Asia : The Challenge Continues


Jai P Narain


SAGE India



SAGE India

Publication Year 2004

ISBN 9780761932246

ISBN-10 0761932240

Hard Back

Number of Pages 392 Pages
Language (English)


AIDS poses an unprecedented health and developmental threat the world over including Asia. Ever since it emerged in the early 1980s, it has been spreading rapidly across continents and devastating millions of lives. In the process it has stretched the health-care systems and wrecked the economies and social fabric of many societies. Developing countries, including those in Asia?which has the second highest number of people living with HIV/AIDS?are the most seriously affected. In Asian countries, the problem is compounded by the lack of awareness, poverty, and inadequate funds and infrastructure. This important and comprehensive volume focuses on the epidemiological and programmatic aspects of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia. The contributors discuss the dynamics and determinants of HIV and cover a wide range of pertinent topics related to prevention, care and treatment. These include: - The health, economic, socio-cultural and security dimensions of HIV/AIDS - Success stories in HIV prevention and care including 100% condom programme - Antiretroviral treatment and the ?3 by 5? initiative - Management of HIV and sexually-transmitted infections - Drug-related HIV - HIV vaccine development - The role of NGOs - Country-specific HIV reports The contributors highlight the lessons learned in Asia in responding to the challenge posed by HIV and the success achieved by many countries. In addition to HIV prevention, facilitating access to care?including antiretroviral treatment?despite the many problems is now a matter of crucial importance. Scaling up of innovative approaches proven effective elsewhere is also a matter of great urgency. This volume will be invaluable for all those engaged in combating HIV throughout the world. In particular, it will be of immense use to all those involved in HIV/AIDS control programmes, public health professionals, health care workers, policy makers, health administrators, as also international agencies and NGOs and community-based organizations. Table of Contents Message from the Director-General, WHO Message from the Regional Director, WHO/SEARO Preface AIDS in Asia: The Epidemic Profile and Lessons Learnt So Far JAI P NARAIN The Economic and Security Dimensions of HIV/AIDS in Asia JETTE NIELSEN and BJORN MELGAARD The Pandemic of HIV Infection: Lessons from Africa AHMED S LATIF The 100 Per Cent Condom Use Programme: A Success Story WIWAT ROJANAPITHAYAKORN Management and Control of Sexually-transmitted Infections and their Implications for AIDS Control in South-East Asia HEINER GROSSKURTH and GURUMURTHY RANGAIYAN The ?3 by 5? Initiative: Challenges and Opportunities for Asia JAI P NARAIN and CHARLES F GILKS Drug-related HIV in South and South-East Asia SWARUP SARKAR, ANINDYA CHATTERJEE and ANNE BERGENSTROM HIV/AIDS and Sexually-transmitted Infections in Thailand: Lessons Learned and Challenges Ahead ANUPONG CHITWARAKORN HIV/AIDS in India: Problem and Response MOHAMMED SHAUKAT and SALIL PANAKADAN The China HIV/AIDS Epidemic and Current Response SHEN JIE, LIU KANGMAI, HAN MENGJIE and ZHANG FUJIE The AIDS Situation in Nepal B K SUVEDI HIV/AIDS in Sri Lanka: The Problem and the Response IYANTHI ABEYEWICKREME Response in a Post-conflict Setting: HIV and Vulnerability in Afghanistan ANNE BERGENSTROM and NAQIBULLAH SAFI Prevention of Transfusion-transmissible HIV in Myanmar MYINT ZAW Occurrence and Management of Opportunistic Infections Associated with HIV/AIDS in Asia SUBHASH K HIRA The Challenge of HIV/TB in Asia JAI P NARAIN Antiretroviral Treatment in Resource-limited Settings EMANUELE PONTALI, BASIL VARELDZIS, JOS PERRIENS and YING-RU LO Enhancing Access to ARV in the Developing Countries RANJIT ROY CHAUDHURY Developing a National Antiretroviral Programme for People with HIV/AIDS: Experience of Thailand SOMBAT THANPRASERTSUK, CHEEWANAN LERTPIRIYASUWAT and SANCHAI CHASOMBAT Social and Cultural Dimensions of HIV/AIDS WARANYA TEOKUL NGOs in Asia: Key Partners in the Fight Against AIDS TERESITA MARIE P BAGASAO Current Issues in HIV Vaccine Development JOSE ESPARZA and SALADIN OSMANOV HIV Vaccine Development in Asia JEAN-LOUIS EXCLER Index