ISBN 9788121509794,Balambhatti: Being A Commentary By Balambhatta Payagunde On The Mitaksara Of Sri Vijnaneswara On The Yajnavalkya-Smrti,  3 Vols

Balambhatti: Being A Commentary By Balambhatta Payagunde On The Mitaksara Of Sri Vijnaneswara On The Yajnavalkya-Smrti, 3 Vols



Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt Ltd

Publication Year 2000

ISBN 9788121509794

ISBN-10 8121509793

Hard Back

Number of Pages 1354 Pages
Language (English)

Reference works

his son Balakrsna or Balambhatta Payagunda, and only ascribed to this mother. Balambhatta Payagunda was about 80 years old when Colebrooke entrusted the Dharmasastrasamgraha to him, and may indeed have lived 90 years (on. 1740-1830). In him we meet one of those extraordinarily learned Pandits of whose erudition British administrators of the stature of Colebrooke availed themselves, and it is hence little wonder that Kane (1975: 968) calls the Balamhatti "almost the latest work of Dharmasastra worth special mention" in his own History of the Dharmasastra. Its author being one of the important links between the old Dharmasastra tradition and Anglo-Indian and thus also modern Indian law, the Balambhatti, no doubt, deserves the attention of scholars. The older edition of this text, or rather of one or the other of its three adhyayas, viz. that by Govindadasa in the Bibliotheca Indica (no. 162, 1904-7), Acara- and first part of the Vyavaharadhyaya only), that by S.S. Setlur ("The Mitaksara with Visvarupa and commentaries of Subodhini and Balambhatti, "Madras, 1912) and that by Pandit Nityanand Pant Parvatiya in the Chowkhamba Samskrit series (no. 41, "Vyavahara-Balambhatti...", 1914) were-not just followed, but in fact-supplanted by that published, and partly also prepared, by J. (=Jagannatha) R. (=Raghunatha) Gharpure: Its parts appeared in his series collection of Hindu Law Texts, almost in the sequence the adhyayas have in the Yajnavalkyasmrti, viz. first the Acaradhyaya (no. 5, Poona, 1914) and (in the same year) the Vyavaharadhaya (no. 6, Bombay), and finally the Prayascittadhyaya (no. 8. Poona, 1924). J.R. Gharpure (1872 (?)-1962) is one of those remarkable Indian intellectuals who combine the work of an advocate, or judge-in fact he was an Advocate and Principal of Law College in Pune (1923-50)-with literary and academic activity in the field of Dharmasastra, and thus Sanskrit learning. He wrote more than 45 books, but hardly any library in India is likely to possess all of them in spite of the high quality and clear significance of many of them for juridical studies. While others of his many publications were still available with Indian booksellers after independence, the parts of the Balambhatti were extremely difficult to find. Even antiquarian booksellers hardly ever offered any of them in their lists. In fact the difficulties in getting a complete set for the purpose of reprinting the work turned out to be almost insurmountable: One part I discovered in the private collection of my friend and colleague Patrick Olivelle in Austin who kindly agreed to put it at my disposal for the reprint, another I own myself, yet I searched the third one, viz. the Prayascittadhyaya, in various countries (Germany, USA and Japan) in vain, and faced rather unexpected difficulties even in India itself if an Indian colleague and friend of mine had not, after a fruitless search in libraries in Delhi, come to my help, herself kindly assisted by her teacher from another city, I am sorry but they insist that I do not disclose their names. The rareness of complete sets of this text even in India where its author was born and spent his entire long life would be justification enough to reprint it, i.e. to make it available to the already large, but certainly also still growing community of those interested in, or even fascinated by, the vast Dharmasastra literature and the highly impressive testimony it gives of the most remarkable Indian genius, and Indian juridical thought. But, as just indicated, it is primarily its significance for the mediaeval and pre-modern as well as modern Indian legal system that fully warrants the trouble, and expense involved in reprinting it. I should like to thank Mr. Ashok Jain of Munshiram Manoharlal :Publishers whose-already well-known, since broadly documented-entrepreneurial farsightedness and intellectual, and moral, convictions have made this reprinting possible.