ISBN 9788187586142,Development Of Nyaya Philosophy And Its Social Context: (History Of Science, Philosophy And Culture In Indian Civilization, Vol. III, Part 3)

Development Of Nyaya Philosophy And Its Social Context: (History Of Science, Philosophy And Culture In Indian Civilization, Vol. III, Part 3)



Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt Ltd

Publication Year 2010

ISBN 9788187586142

ISBN-10 8187586141

Hard Back

Number of Pages 607 Pages
Language (English)


The volumes of the Project on the History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization aim at discovering the main aspects of India's heritage and present them in an interrelated way. These volumes, in spite of their unitary look, recognize the difference between the areas of material civilization and those of ideational culture. The project is not being executed by a single group of thinkers and writers who are methodologically uniform or ideologically identical in their commitments. In fact contributions are made by different scholars with different ideological persuasions and methodological approaches. The project is marked by what may be called 'methodological pluralism'. In spite of its primary historical character, this project, both in its conceptualization and execution, has been shaped by many scholars drawn from different disciplines. It is for the first time that an endeavour of such a unique and comprehensive character has been undertaken to study critically a major world civilization like India. In his learned book, Development of Nyaya Philosophy and Its Social Context Professor Sibajiban Bhattacharyya has traced the history of Nyaya philosophy with reference to its social contexts. That this system of philosophy, darsana, is not unnecessarily abstract but has taken cognizance of its theoretical ancestry as well as practical circumstances will be evident to the perceptive reader. As a branch of knowledge, vidya, philosophy as darsana was known in India for a long time. In Kautilya's Arthasastra the recognized branches of knowledge are four: (i) the three Vedas (trayi), (ii) trade and commerce (varta); (iii) law and order (dandaniti) and (iv) anvisiki, which according to Kautilya means Sankhya, Yoga and Lokayata. However, later on anvisiki stood for logic and metaphysic. In the history of Indian philosophy the first use of the term darsana has been attributed to Haribhadrasuri, the Jaina philosopher and author of the Sad darsana samuccaya. Nearly 400 years after Haribhadrasuri the term darsana in the current sense was used by Sankaracarya in his commentary on the Brahmasutra. In this comprehensive book Professor Bhattacharyya has dealt with the works of most of the famous nyaya thinkers like Gautama, Vatsyayana, Jayanta Bhatta, Bhasarvajna, Udayana, Vardhamana and various other writers down the centuries. This scholarly book from the pen of Bhattacharyya is highly readable and informative. It is hoped that the book will be profitably used by researchers, scholars and the general reading public.