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This book explores the sensitive issue of police accountability to civilian oversight bodies to control police excesses. At the centre of the discourse lies the tacit acknowledgement that the enormous power and authority invested in the police does leads to corruption and excesses unless adequate checks and balances are installed. The book analyses these checks and balances and how these can be made more effective. It puts forth a cross-national study of internal and external mechanisms for enforcing police accountability, and critically appraises the effectiveness of civilian oversight bodies. It also touches upon the working of National Human Rights Commission of India.
While supporting the role of civil oversight bodies in enforcing police accountability, the author also discusses scenarios of police resistance which have often paralyzed the functioning of oversight bodies in Australia, Canada and U.S.A. As a solution he recommends that the primary object of an oversight body should not be only to enquire into complaints against police and recommend action against the defaulting officers, but also to highlight systemic inadequacies and recommend changes in policies and procedures.
This book will be extremely valuable to professionals in police academies, public administration, and state security commissions, human rights activists and researchers in academic institutions.
Table of Contents
Foreword by Justice M N VENKATACHALIAH
Control by External Agencies
Civilian Oversight Bodies
Policing the Police?Experience in the United Kingdom
Police Oversight in Canada
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) Public Complaint Commission
Police Ombudsman in Northern Ireland
Independent Complaints Directorate
Police Complaints Authority?Australia
Police Oversight in Brazil
National Human Rights Commission and Police Oversight
Police Oversight in USA
Police Reforms in India and Neighboring Countries