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An oft-quoted, modern adage is that the next major global conflict will be over water. In many areas of the world the present is already marked by an uneasy competition among different water users and use sectors, often leading to conflicts. India particularly stands on the brink of an uncertain future, its ever-growing population putting pressure on its increasingly meagre water resources.
Governance of Water: Institutional Alternatives and Political Economy is a timely, relevant book that makes a case for reforming water governance in India through not only re-orientating policy priorities and approaches, but also restructuring the institutional framework away from the state and village dichotomy. The book has eminent scholars explore the issue from various angles?neo-classical and institutional economics, deliberative democracy, public administration, collective action and political economy perspectives.
Divided into four sections, the 17 thought-provoking chapters in this volume contend that the challenges facing water governance in India cannot be addressed in the current policy framework. The book argues that a possible link between the larger structure of the economy and the transaction costs in water governance, as well as relations with the democratic polity as it actually functions, need to be understood clearly; the research on the transformation of water governance requires in-depth analysis to make the process more transparent, participatory and accountable to the larger society.
The book makes a strong case and will contribute immensely to the study and discussion of water governance in India. It will interest environmental and agricultural economists, ecologists, policy-makers and planners and those in the development sector, as well as the media and the general reader.
Table of Contents
Preface and Acknowledgements
I. Governance: Concepts, Issues, and Challenges
Governance of Water: Issues and Challenges VISHWA BALLABH
Water Governance, Politics, Policy RAMASWAMY R IYER
Misgovernance of Droughts in India JASVEEN JAIRATH
Gender Issues in the Water Governance: Review of Challenges and Emerging Strategies SEEMA KULKARNI, K J JOY and Suhas Paranjape
II. Pricing, Subsidies and Governance of Surface Water
Pricing, Subsidies, and Institutional Reforms in Indian Irrigation: Some Emerging Trends K V RAJU and ASHOK GULATI
Recovery of Irrigation User Cess and Governance of Canal Systems MANOJ THOMAS and VISHWA BALLABH
Irrigation Water Pricing: Analysis of Competing Sources R PARTHASARATHY
Resource, Rules and Technology: Ethnography of Building a Water Users` Association ESHA SHAH
Crafting Institutions for Collective Action in Canal Irrigation: Can We Break the Deadlocks? VISHAL NARAIN
Inter-state Water Disputes and the Governance Challenge HEMANT KUMAR PADHIARI and VISHWA BALLABH
III. Groundwater Governance
Groundwater Governance in Eastern India VISHWA BALLABH, KAMESHWAR CHOUDHARY, SUSHIL PANDEY and SUDHAKAR MISHRA
Political Economy of Groundwater Governance in Gujarat: A Micro-level Analysis ANJAL PRAKASH
Governing The Groundwater Economy: Comparative Analysis Of National Institutions and Policies in South Asia, China and Mexico TUSHAAR SHAH
IV. The Way Forward
Multi-stakeholder Participation, Collaborative Policy Making and Water Governance: The Need for a Normative Framework K J JOY, SUHAS PARANJAPE and SEEMA KULKARNI
Multi-stakeholders` Dialogue as an Approach Towards Sustainable Use of Groundwater: Some Experiences in the Palar River Basin, South India S JANAKARAJAN
The New Institutional Economics of India`s Water Policy TUSHAAR SHAH
The Water Resources Policy Process in India: Centralisation, Polarisation and New Demands on Governance PETER P MOLLINGA