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This book highlights the present perceptions of the East and the West as seen through the eyes of eminent scholars from India, and in doing so, theorises on identity politics.
Identity Politics in India and Europe combines qualitative methods (20 interviews) with historical and philosophical analysis. The first part of the book discusses the history of perceptions between the Europe of Latin Christianity and the so-called Muslim world, starting from the 7th century onwards. The second part is devoted to a discussion on the emergence of modernity and how it changed the identity politics of earlier times. The third part explores the role that intellectual elites have to play. It comprises interviews of eminent scholars and thinkers in India such as Imtiaz Ahmad and Ashis Nandy. These make for an insightful read, especially as subtle ideological differences surface in their responses to a set of common questions.
The interviews are set in the historical context of the relations between Europe and the Muslim world and analysed from a theoretical angle, drawing from theories of modernity, conceptions of justice and notions of identity politics.
The book will be of great interest to the world of social science academia, especially those with specific interest in the history of transnational politics.
Table of Contents
I: ?EUROPE? AND ?THE MUSLIM WORLD?: A BRIEF HISTORY OF RECIPROCAL PERCEPTIONS
Late Antiquity to the Beginnings of the Modern Era
Encounters in the Late Roman World
Islam in Western Europe: Al-Andalus
Encounter in the Levant: the Crusades
At the gates of Vienna: the Ottomans in Europe
The Reformation: Ushering in the Modern Era
II: THE GLOBAL CONDITION: MODERNITY AND ITS CRITICS
Culture and Identity in Modern Politics
The World Polity Approach
Actor and Action
Rationality and Rationalisation
Religion and the ?Religious?
Progress and Teleology
Principal and Agent
The Modern Self
The Liberal System Globalised
The World Polity
The Statelessness of the World Polity
Inclusion and Exclusion
Inclusive versus Identity Politics
Identity Politics in Europe
Identity Politics in India
Freedom to Non-development
Development as Freedom
Identity Politics and the Ramjanmabhumi Movement
III. INTELLECTUAL ELITES AND NORMATIVE ORDERS IN INDIA, ISRAEL, PALESTINE AND TURKEY
Introduction: Survey and Interviews
Asghar Ali Engineer
Qutub Kidwai & Shirin Huda
Zeenat Shaukat Ali
Appendix: Binary Oppositions in Counter-hegemonic Discourse