ISBN 9788130924830,Materials Science and Engineering

Materials Science and Engineering

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ISBN 9788130924830

Viva Education Private Ltd

Publication Year 2013

ISBN 9788130924830

ISBN-10 8130924838

Paper Back

Number of Pages 704 Pages
Language (English)

Basic Engineering

ous case studies of different levels
Chapter 1 - Introduction
Engineering Materials Classification
Advanced Materials
Chapter 2 - Bonding and Structure of Materials
Bonding in Solids
Metallic Bond
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
Van der Waals Bond
Mixed Bond
Forces between Atoms/Molecules
Crystal Systems
Packing in Crystals
Voids in Unit Cells
Interplaner Spacings
Crystal Structure of Carbon
Crystal Structures of Inorganic Compounds
AX type Compounds
AmXp type Compounds
AmBnXp type Compounds
Structure of Glasses
Structure of Polymers
Structure of Polymer Chain
Defect Structures in Crystals
Point Defects
Line Defects
Surface Defects
Bulk or Volume Defects
Questions and Problems
Chapter 3 - Phase Equilibria and Transformation
The Phase Rule
Unary Phase Diagram
Binary Phase Diagrams
Isomorphous System
Eutectic and Eutectoid Systems
Peritectic and Peritectoid Systems
Other Binary reactions
Iron-Carbon Phase Diagram
Ternary Systems
Calculated Phase Diagrams
Hume-Rothery Rules for Alloy Formation
Diffusion in Solids
Phase Transformation
Transformation Kinetics
Homogeneous Phase Transformation
Heat Treatment of Steels
Various Heat Treatment Operations
Case Carburising and Carbonitriding
Precipitation and Precipitation Hardening
Effect of Annealing on Cold Worked Metals
Phase Transition in Glasses
Annealing of Glasses
Questions and Problems
Chapter 4 - Physical Properties of Materials
Electronic Energy levels in Solids
Electrical Properties
Electrical Properties of Conductors
Electrical properties of Semiconductors
Electrical properties of Insulators
Related Electrical Phenomena in Materials
Electron Emission
Magnetic Properties
Classification of Materials according to Magnetic Properties
Ferromagnetic Domain and Magnetization Curve
Soft and Hard Magnetic Materials
Ferrimagnetic Materials
Magnetic Storage
Thermal Conductivity
Thermal Expansion
Thermal Shock Resistance
Optical properties
Refractive Index
Questions and Problems
Chapter 5 - Mechanical Properties of Materials
Theoretical Strength of Crystalline Materials
Plasticity and Role of Dislocation
Critical Resolved Shear Stress
Stress-Strain Behaviour
True Stress True Strain
Strain Ageing
Effect of Strain Rate
Tensile Properties of Two Phase Alloys
Tensile Behaviour of Ceramics and Polymers
Behaviour under Compression
Behaviour under Bending
Behaviour under Shear and Torsion
Bauschinger Effect
Brinell Hardness Test
Vickers Hardness Test
Rockwell Hardness Test Micro-hardness Test
Hot Torsion Test
Impact Toughness
Ductile-Brittle Transition
Notch-Toughness of Polymers
Estimation of S-N Curves
Cumulative Fatigue Damage
Factors Affecting Fatigue Life
Mechanism of Creep Deformation and Rupture
Creep in Polymers
Creep Life Estimation
Fracture and Fracture Toughness
Crack Tips in Real Materials
Fracture Toughness
Fracture Toughness and Fatigue Life
Statistics of Brittle Fracture
Strengthening Mechanisms
Combined Strengthening Mechanisms
Toughening in Ceramics and Composites
Questions and Problems
Chapter 6 - Electrochemical Properties, Corrosion and Degradation
Electrochemical and Galvanic Cells
Standard Elecdrode Potentials
Potential-pH Diagrams
Cathodic Protection
Types of Corrosion and their Prevention
Uniform Corrosion (oxidation)
Galvanic Corrosion
Crevice and Pitting Corrosion
Environmentally Induced Cracking
Hydrogen damage
Intergranular Corrosion
Erosion Corrosion and Fretting
Bio Corrosion
Corrosion Rate Units
High temperature Oxidation
Thermodynamics of Oxidation
Kinetics of Oxidation
Mechanism of Oxidation
Combined Oxidation-Sulphidation of Metals
Design against Corrosion
Corrosion of Ceramics and Glasses
Degradation of Polymers
Questions and Problems
Chapter 7 - Engineering Materials
Metallic and Intermetallic Materials
Ferrous Alloys
High Strength Low Alloy (HSLA) Steels
Medium and High alloy Steels
Cast Irons
Copper Alloys
Aluminium Alloys
Magnesium Alloys
Nickel Alloys
Titanium Alloys
Precious Metals
Refractory Metals and their based Alloys
Ceramic Materials
Pure Oxide Ceramics
Magnetic Oxides
Ferroelectric Oxides
Oxide Superconductors
Nonoxide Ceramics
Refractory Compounds
Silicon Carbide
Silicon Nitride
Boron Carbide
Boron Nitride
Aluminium Nitride
•Polymeric Materials
Thermoplastic Polymers
Acetals .
Thermosetting Polymers
Natural Polymers
Composite Materials
Metal Matrix Composites
Ceramic Matrix Composites
Polymer Matrix Composites
Questions and Problems
Chapter 8 - Materials Forming
Solidification Forming
Scientific Basics of Metal Casting
Structural Evolution
Heat Transfer
Melt Flow
Stress Behaviour
Ingot and Continuous Casting
Single Crystal Growing and Zone Refining
Metal Casting Technology
Sand Casting
Shell-Mould Casting
Expanded Polystyrene Process
Investment Casting
Permanent Mould Casting
Die Casting
Centrifugal Casting
Squeeze Casting
Semi-Solid Solidification Processing
Polymer Solidification Forming
Injection Moulding
Forming of Polymer Matrix Composites
Glass Solidification Processing
Deformation Forming
Plastic Yielding and Deformation Processing
Bar and Wire Drawing
Deep Drawing of Metal Sheet
Stretch Forming
Formability or Workability of Metals and Alloys
Metallurgical Factors Influencing Workability
Thermomechanical Forming
Super-Plastic Forming
Thermoforming of Polymers
Process Design in Deformation Processing
Powder Metallurgy Forming
Metal Powder Production and Treatment
Ceramic Powder Production
Metal/Ceramic Powder Characterization
Powder Compaction
Sintering and Post-Sintering Treatment
Hot Consolidation of Powders
Spray Forming
Powder Injection Moulding
Solid Freeform Fabrication
Questions and Problems
Chapter 9 - Materials Removal
Conventional Metal Cutting
The Cutting Tool
Chip Formation during Machining
Cutting Tool Materials
Cutting Fluids
Cutting Tool Wear
Non-Conventional Machining
Design Aspects in Machining
Economics of Machining
Friction and Wear
Design against Wear
Questions and Problems
Chapter10 - Materials Joining
Welding Processes
Gas Welding
Arc Welding
Electroslag Welding
Resistance Welding .
Thermit Welding
Solid State Welding
Weldability of Metals and Alloys
Weldability of Carbon and Low Alloy Steels
Weldability of High Alloy Steels
Weldability of Cast Irons
Weldabilty of Nonferrous Metals and Alloys
Weldment Cracking and Porosity
Weld Design
Brazing and Soldering
Transient Liquid Phase Bonding
Adhesive Bonding
Ceramic-Ceramic; Ceramic-Metal Bonding
Joining of Polymers
Joining of Sintered Metals and Alloys
Questions and Problems
Chapter 11 - Surface Modification
Mechanical Treatment
Thermal Treatment
Thermochemical Treatments
Electro and Electroless Plating
Vapour Deposition Processes
Molten State Deposition
Porcelain Enameling/Ceramic Coating
Economics of Various Surface Technologies
Case Study: Piston Ring
Questions and Problems
Chapter 12 - Materials Design
About the Author: G S Upadhyaya, Anish Upadhyaya
Prof. G. S. Upadhyayais an internationally renowned materials engineer and has a teaching and research experience of more than four decades in India and abroad. He has guided several engineering students and at present is busy as materials consultant. He has received numerous national and international awards, including G. D. Birla Award from the Indian Institute of Metals and Niobium medal from the Max Planck Institute, Germany. Dr. Upadhyaya has published over 350 articles and has authored 12 books.
Dr. Anish Upadhyayais Assistant Professor in Materials and Metallurgical Engineering Department at the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He did his B.Tech. in Metallurgical Engineering from the Institute of Technology, BHU and Masters and Ph.D. From the Pennsylvania State University. Before joining IIT Kanpur, he worked at Penn State as Research Associate and in WIDIA, Bangalore, as Manager, R&D. His research specialization is powder metallurgy processing of materials and he has over 60 publications in various national and international journals and conference proceedings. He is the recipient of a number of awards for his contributions in the field of Materials Engineering. In addition, he is a consultant for numerous manufacturing companies.

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