ISBN 9789381904336,New Delhi Paper 4: Afghanistan from

New Delhi Paper 4: Afghanistan from "Enduring Freedom" to "Enduring Chaos"? Implications for India



Knowledge World Publishers

Publication Year 2014

ISBN 9789381904336

ISBN-10 9381904332

Paper Back

Number of Pages 114 Pages
Language (English)


Western forces intervened in Afghanistan in October 2001 with the initiation of Operation Enduring Freedom. It had support of most of the countries across the world and a United Nations mandate by its side. The September 11 attacks on the United States shook the Western world and made them realise the need to address the issues of Islamic fundamentalism and terrorism that until then had been a defining feature of some Central and South Asian countries. Taliban controlled Afghanistan, which hosted Al Qaeda (the chief architect of the 9/11 attacks) became the obvious choice for international intervention. The initial aim to topple the Taliban regime and replace it with a more democratic government aligned with Western interests was swiftly achieved. However stabilising Afghanistan proved to be much challenging an affair. Despite billions of dollars in aid and military expenditure, Afghanistan still remains unstable, volatile, conflict and insurgency prone. The role of regional powers in adding to the problems of Afghanistan can hardly be exaggerated. Among them Pakistans attempt at influencing the course of events in the country has been most consistent. This book attempts to review the decade-long development in Afghanistan since the initiation of Operation Enduring Freedom in 2001. It tries to understand the geopolitical perception of the role played by Pakistan in Afghanistan in the mentioned phase, and identifies the implications it generated for Afghanistan in general and international efforts at large. Another extremely important aspect of this research has been to understand the importance of the role played by India in the changed environment in Afghanistan. Considering the developments of the recent past, it would hardly be an exaggeration to see the situation within Afghanistan as "chaotic" and dreadful. Under the given circumstances, finding what implications such developments will have for India, and its initiatives in Afghanistan, is the motive of this book