ISBN 9788132102366,The Politics of Belonging in the Himalayas : Local Attachments and Boundary Dynamics

The Politics of Belonging in the Himalayas : Local Attachments and Boundary Dynamics



SAGE Publications Ltd

Publication Year 2009

ISBN 9788132102366

ISBN-10 8132102363

Hard Back

Number of Pages 320 Pages
Language (English)


What does it mean to be ?stateless? in the modern postcolonial context? This fascinating study addresses this complex question through the case of the Chakma refugees in Arunachal Pradesh. The largely neglected social history of the ethnic Buddhist Chakmas, whose homeland is the Chittagong Hill Tracts (in the present day Bangladesh), carries the multiple imprints of partition, dominant development paradigm and religious persecution. As refugees in the strategically sensitive and disputed territory of Arunachal Pradesh in India?s Northeast, they are locked in an intractable conflict over land and resources with the indigenous Arunachalis, themselves marginalized and alienated from the rest of the country. Setting a new dimension in refugee studies, the arguments in this book are developed on the framework of oral narratives, incorporating the self perceptions of both the Chakmas as well as the Arunachalis who host them. The book critically analyses national and international official documents and policy statements and demonstrates the absence of legal-institutional and legislative structures to address the concerns of refugees. It throws into relief the sharp contestations over nationalism, citizenship and ethnicity in South Asia, both at the level of political movements and academic discourse. It sheds new light on the outcomes of partition, boundary making and state formation, as well as dominant development models by examining the everyday experiences of these communities. This book will be a useful resource for scholars and students of politics, international relations, sociology, anthropology and history. It will also help policy makers and lawyers. Table of Contents Foreword by RAMACHANDRA GUHA Preface Chakma Refugees: Partition Residues and Development Victims CHT AND NEFA: From Colonial Outposts to Post-colonial Peripheries Politics of Demographic (Dis)order in Northeast India: The Idiom of Protest Chakma Diaspora in Northeast India: Excluded Communities, Fragmented Identities Official Discourses of the Chakma Issue: Centre versus State Chakmas? Self-perceptions: Understanding Everyday Lived Experiences of Refugees Arunachalis? Self-perceptions: Assertion and Reconstruction of Identity and Ethnic Nationalism The Making of Refugees in South Asia: Nation, State and Outsiders Interrogating India?s Refugee policy References Index