ISBN 9780140455113,The Republic

The Republic

Publisher:

Penguin Books

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ISBN 9780140455113
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ISBN 9780140455113
Publisher

Penguin Books

Publication Year 2007
ISBN-13

ISBN 9780140455113

ISBN-10 0140455116
Binding

Paperback

Number of Pages 416 Pages
Language (English)
Subject

College

Plato recounts the dialogues of Socrates on the vast subject of justice, the order and character of the just city-state and the just man. Socrates speaks about the meaning of justice, demonstrating that what many consider to be just is only an extension of personal advantage. According to Socrates, such a definition of justice is grossly wrong and deserves to be overturned. A fellow philosopher argues that justice originally evolved from social contracts which were written to prevent the people involved from exacting revenge upon others. According to him, everyone who practices justice only does so due to fear of punishment. Socrates goes on to throw down that theory and explains that justice should be defined for a city rather than an individual. The dialogues then turn towards education, the constitution and the classes of society. Socrates addresses each of these topics and explains his ideals of justice, a righteous and self-sufficient government, and the faults of a tyranny. In doing so, he laid the basis for one of the oldest and most notable treatises on the republic, which was later collected by his primary student: the philosopher Plato.

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