ISBN 9788185860565,Biotechnology For Fruit Crop Improvement

Biotechnology For Fruit Crop Improvement



IBDC Publisher

Publication Year 2000

ISBN 9788185860565

ISBN-10 8185860564

Hard Back

Language (English)

Medicine: general issues

Cultivation of fruits is a cropping system that helps in improving biological productivity, nutritional standard and also assists in maintaining ecological sustainability. Fruit production is gradually becoming important to national and global economics. Inspite of remarkable increase in production of different fruits following conventional improvement methods and improved management practices, some inherent problems with conventional breeding of woody perennials like long juvenile period, heterogeneity, length of evaluaiton period, self-incompatibility, parthenocarpy and inability of sexual system to incorporate variations from unrelated sources are causing impediment in further improvement of yield and quality in different fruits. The problem is further commounded by dependence on relatively few selected genotypes for commercial reasons, extreme sensitivity of human palate to flavours and tastes in fruits and fruit products, and fixation of desirable characteristics by vegetative method of propagation in fruit crops. The post-second world war period has witnessed a gift of several epoch-making technologies to the world and biotechnology is one of them. Novel strategies emanating out of advanes made in plant biotechnology, viz embryo rescue, somaclonal variation, haploidy, protoplast fusion, in vitro conservaton of germplasm and recombinant DNA technology (also known as Genetic engineering) offer tremendous potential to overcome some of the limitations of sexual hybridization. This Text-cum-Reference book is aimed to set the agenda for role of plant biotechnology in improvement of fruit crops in complementary with conventional improvement methods in 21st century.