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For the first time in India, comprehensive information on missing children has been collected, analyzed and reported.
More than 100,00 children missing per year. Many cases unreported.
The issue is a highly complex area of criminal activity even involving organized trafficking gangs.
various causes of children going missing include forced labour, commercial sexual exploitation, begging, organ trade, medical testing etc. Abandonment, animosity, natural calamities, etc., also result in a child going missing.
Nevertheless, a child missing is not considered in the legal system as a heinous crime resulting in large number of cases either not being registered or with little investigation and follow up.
The study says that the possible reasons that contribute to the lack-lustre law enforcement include gaps in policy, knowledge, resources, institutional capacity and commitment / political will.
Based on the gaps, the study recommends a highly skilled investigation and rapid response agency/task force on missing children, formation of National Centre for Missing and Exploited Children and establishment of a centralized data bank.
The study has also recommended development of a Standard Operating Procedure for investigation and proposed a definition of Missing Children and policy guidelines on trafficking and missing children.
About Bachpan Bachao Andolan (BBA)
The BBA started in 1980 as the pioneer people's movement against child and bonded labour in India. BBA?s vision is to create a child friendly world, where all children are given quality education and are free from any exploitation. Working endlessly for holistic solution to child labour, BBA is actively involved with the community at many levels?from grass roots to advocacy for policy change with policy makers.
BBA has rescued more than 80,000 child labourers so far. In addition, BBA has transformed 317 villages in India into Bal Mitra Grams (Child Friendly Villages), rehabilitated over 5000 rescued children in its three rehabilitation centres and affected major policy changes through campaigns and judicial interventions. BBA has traced and shaped the history of child labour movement not just in India but also across the world and generated global awareness on child labour through various campaigns including the Global March Against Child Labour in 103 countries in 1998 leading to ILO Convention 182.
Table Of Contents
Foreword: Preface Executive summary Tragic Loss of Innocence I. Scope of the research study: Need
Nature and Scope Objectives
II. Methodology: Data Source
Data Collection Tools
Methods of Data Analysis
Response to Challenges.
III. The Existing Institutional Framework: Government Institution
Zonal Integrated Police Network (ZIPNet)
National Institute on Public Cooperation & Child Development (NIPCCD)
National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)/ State Human Rights Commission (SHRC)
National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)/State Commission for Protection of Child Rights (SCPCR
National Commission for Women (NCW)/ State Commission for Women (SCW)
National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)
Anti Human Trafficking Unit (AHTU)
Other Government systems
Non- Government Organization/Civil Society Organization
Bachpan Bachao Andolan (BBA)
National Center for Missing Children (NCMC)
Childline India Foundation
Dob Bosco India
Constitutional Provision Protecting Children
Missing Children & Law.
IV. Findings in Research Study: National Level
The Lost Generation
Why Truth is ?Missing? in case of ?Missing Children?
RTI & NCRB
RTI & NHRC
References to Missing Children in Media
News & Other Reports
Gaps- Policy (Legislation)
V. Conclusion/Findings: Policy
VI. Recommendation and Plan of Action: Annexures