ISBN 9788126530847,Bioavailability, Bioaccessibility And Mobility Of Environmental Contaminants

Bioavailability, Bioaccessibility And Mobility Of Environmental Contaminants


John R. Dean


John Wiley & Sons



John Wiley & Sons

Publication Year 2011

ISBN 9788126530847

ISBN-10 8126530847


Number of Pages 320 Pages
Language (English)


This book covers all aspects of bioavailability, as related to environmental contaminants. After a discussion of the definition of bioavailability and its context, focus is placed on the role of risk assessment and bioavailability. Methods of analysis are then discussed including a range of atomic spectroscopic and electrochemical techniques for metal analysis and chromatographic approaches for persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The occurrence, properties and eco-toxicity of POPs and metals in the soil/sediment environment are discussed. Particular emphasis is placed on the uptake of POPs and metals by plants (phytoextraction). Examples of POPs and metals in the environment are reviewed.

About the Author
John R. Dean took his first degree in Chemistry at UMIST, followed by an M.Sc. in Analytical Chemistry & Instrumentation at Loughborough University of Technology and finally a Ph.D. and D.I.C. in Physical Chemistry at Imperial College. He then spent 2 years as a postdoctoral research fellow at the Food Science Laboratory of M.A.F.F. in Norwich in conjunction with Polytechnic South West in Plymouth. In 1988 he was appointed to a lectureship in Inorganic/Analytical Chemistry at Newcastle Polytechnic (now Northumbria University). This was followed by promotion to Senior Lecturer (1990), Reader (1994) and Principal Lecturer (1998). In 1998 he was awarded a D.Sc. (London) in Analytical & Environmental Science and was the recipient of the 23rd SAC Silver Medal in 1995.

He has published extensively in analytical and environmental science. He is an active member of the Royal Society of Chemistry Analytical Division having served as a member of the atomic spectroscopy group for 15 years (10 as honorary secretary), as well as a past chairman (1997-99). He has served on Analytical Division council for three terms and is currently its vice-president (2002-04) as well as chairman of the North East Region (2001-03).

Table of Contents
Contaminated Land and the Link to Human Health.
Soil Guideline Values.
Risk to Humans.
An Approach to Assess Contaminated Soils Relative to Soil Guideline Values.
Sample Preparation and Analytical techniques for Elemental Analysis of Environmental Contaminants.
Sample Preparation for Elemental Analysis.
Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy.
Atomic Emission Spectroscopy.
Inorganic Mass Spectroscopy.
X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy.
Hyphenated Techniques.
Comparison of Elemental Analytical Techniques.
Selected Resources on Elemental Analytical Techniques.
Sample Preparation and Analytical Techniques for Persistent Organic Pollutant Analysis of Environmental Contaminants.
Sample Preparation for Persistent Organic Pollutant Analysis.
Gas Chromatography.
High Performance Liquid Chromatography.
Interfacing Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry.
Comparison of Persistent Organic Pollutant Analytical Techniques.
Selected Resources on Persistent Organic Pollutant Analytical Techniques.
Methods Used to Assess Bioavailability of Metals.
Non-Exhaustive Extraction Techniques for Metals.
Single Extraction Methods for Metals.
Sequential Extraction Techniques for Metals.
Plant Uptake.
Certified Reference Materials.
Methods Used to Assess bioavailability of Persistent Organic Pollutants.
Non-Exhaustive Extraction Techniques for POPs.
Earthworm Studies.
Plant Uptake.
Methods Used to Assess oral Bioaccessibility.
Introduction to Human Physiology.
Considerations in the Design and Development of a Simulated in vitro Gastrointestinal Extraction Method.
Approaches to Assess the Bioaccessibility of Metals.
Approaches to Assess the Bioaccessibility of Persistent Organic Pollutants.
Validity for Measuring Bioaccessibility.
Selected Case Studies on Bioavailability, Bioaccessibility and Mobility of Environmental Contaminants.
Bioavailability of Metals by Plants.
Bioaccessibility of Metals from Plants.
Bioavailability of POPs by Plants.
Bioaccessibility of POPs from Plants.
Recording of Information and Selected Resources.
Recording of Information in the Laboratory.
Selected Resources.
Responses to Self-Assessment Questions.
Glossary of Terms.
SI Units and Physical Constants.
Periodic Table.