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Droughts have formed an inseparable part of South Asian history and culture, with tragic consequences for a region that houses the greatest number of the world?s poor. However, this volume challenges the popular conception of drought, which is presented as an absolute shortage-scarcity with respect to an implicit understanding of the sufficiency of water. It highlights the fact that while available water supplies may be a given quantum, droughts are differentially experienced, politically inspired and socially constituted. It emphasises that the relative water scarcity needs to be appreciated, and argues that water scarcity means different things for diverse constituencies of water users. Policy prescriptions based on definitional premises will be flawed, as a misrepresentation of drought as merely water scarcity serves a political agenda. The editors and contributors of this volume critically evaluate the concept of drought, the way it is defined, its origin/derivation, and the purposes/interests it serves.
This book is broadly divided into three major sections: the thematic section, country overviews, and case studies. Through these, it attempts to:
- Understand the concept of drought.
- Map diversity in drought situations across South Asia.
- Identify responses to drought.
- Outline viable options for more integrated approaches to drought policies and mitigation strategies.
- Initiate a process of dialogue on a more comprehensive public policy for drought management.
Comprehensive, thought-provoking, informative, and featuring new research data, this collection will provide policy makers and professionals with the opportunity to discuss and debate policies for sustainable livelihood support systems and drought management. It would also be an invaluable source of information for students and teachers working in the fields of Water and Natural Resource Management, Environmental Planning, Agricultural Economics, Rural Development, Public Policy and Public Administration.
Table of Contents
Series Editor`s Note
The Context and Problematique JASVEEN JAIRATH and VISHWA BALLABH
Elusive Rains and Parched Lands: Situating Drought in Colonial India SANJAY SHARMA
Gender and Drought in South Asia: Dominant Constructions and Alternate Propositions SEEMA KULKARNI and NAGMANI RAO
An Alternative Approach to Drought and Drought Proofing SUHAS PARANJPE and K J JOY
II: COUNTRY OVERVIEW
Understanding Drought?Implications, Strategies and Policies in Sri Lanka RANJITH PREMALAL DE SILVA
Incidence, Impacts and Management of Droughts in India: An Overview KATAR SINGH and VISHWA BALLABH
Scarcity in Abundance: Issues of Droughts in Bangladesh KHANDAKER MAINUDDIN and SARDER SHAFIQUL ALAM
Droughts in Pakistan?A Socio-political Perspective ASAF SARWAR
III: CASE STUDIES
Drought and Public Policy in Tamil Nadu, India A RAJAGOPAL, N JAYAKUMAR and J BASHYAM
Johad Versus Watershed: Case Study of Tarun Bharat Sangh?s Approach GANESH PANGARE
Converting Calamity into Oppurtunity: Natural Resource Enhancement through Participatory Drought Relief Programme SRINIVAS MUDRAKARTHA
Management of Scarcity and Scarcity of Mahabubnagar District, Andhra Pradesh, India: A Case Study JASVEEN JAIRATH and MUHAMMAD MUSTAFA