ISBN 9788132117940,Operation Black Thunder : An Eyewitness Account of Terrorism in Punjab

Operation Black Thunder : An Eyewitness Account of Terrorism in Punjab



SAGE Publications Ltd

Publication Year 2014

ISBN 9788132117940

ISBN-10 8132117948


Number of Pages 364 Pages
Language (English)


Terrorism has affected several of India's states, at different times and in different forms and continues to be a matter of national and increasingly international concern. One of the states most affected by terrorism was Punjab, which was torn apart by acts of violence during the 1980s, while its people were caught in the crossfire between the threats of the terrorists and the Indian government's attempts to combat them. The Golden Temple in Amritsar was the scene of two pivotal anti-terrorist operations during this decade - Operation Blue Star in 1984 followed by Operation Black Thunder in 1988, when the Indian government dislodged terrorists who had occupied this holiest of Sikh places of worship. The consequences of Operation Blue Star included the assassination of Indira Gandh, the Prime Minister who sanctioned the operation. The success of Operation Black Thunder, on the other hand, was a turning point in the battle against terrorism. Centred around a gripping account of Operation Black Thunder, by one who initiated it and was intimately involved in executing it, this absorbing book analyses the factors responsible for the rise and growth of terrorism in Punjab, including the role of Pakistan in promoting terrorism in India. Pulling no punches, the author also criticizes the role of politicians and the Congress government in Delhi, particularly its use of central intelligence agencies in order to undermine the growth of a regional party like the Aklali Dal by promoting the rise of leaders such as Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale. Sarab Jit Singh covers the history of Punjab during the 1980s from before the Rajiv-Longowal Accord, through the tenure of successive Governors and their measures to curb terrorism, till elections were held in the early 1990s and peace was finally restored to Punjab. In the process he brings to light many crucial and significant events which have remained shrouded in mystery. Combining an impartial and authentic eyewitness account of a tumultuous period in contemporary political history with a critical analyses of the causes of the growth of terrorism in Punjab and the methods used to combat it, this book will be of interest to students of politics, public administration, contemporary Indian history and the general reader. Table of Contents: The Golden Temple In the Eye of the Storm The Sikh Heritage and the Punjab Problem The Rajiv-Longowal Accord The 'Secret' Healing Touch S.S. Barnala's Government The Healing Touch Impaired Governor Ray's Tenure The Politics of the Clergy January - March 1988 The Killings Increase April - May 1988 Measures to End the Killing Operation Black Thunder The Militants Surrender Trial at Midnight Restoring the Maryada Demoralisation Versus a Gun Battle The SGPC's Dilemma Jasbir Singh Rode's Dismissal The Corridor Plan Jasbir Singh Rode Resurrected Panchayat Elections Postponed Missed Opportunities The Militants and the Police Between the Two Terrors The National Games A New Government at the Centre The 'Civil Face' of Governor Mukherjee's Administration Governor Varma's Tenure 1990 The Killings Continue Governor Malhotra Takes Charge Attempts to Restore Democracy Delhi's Inconsistent Punjab Policy Elections by February 1992 From President's Rule to an Elected Government The Return of Democracy In Retrospect